Er. MEDARAMETLA LINGESWARA RAO TENTH ENDOWMENT LECTURE
Activity under Divisional Board:
IEI, AP State Center, Dr. KL Rao Bhavan, Governorpet, Vijayawada.
IEI, ANDHRA PRADESH STATE CENTER, VIJAYAWADA
CITIZENS’ ROLE IN SOLVING ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
12th May, 2018 : The Institution of Engineers (India), Andhra Pradesh State Center organized Er. M Lingeswara Rao Tenth Endowment Lecture at our Center. Er. M RS Prakasa Rao, FIE, Former Chairman of this Center welcomed the gathering and invited the dignitaries on to the dais while Dr. P Kodanda Rama Rao, FIE, Chairman presented his opening remarks. About the Endowment Lecture was done by Er. V Suryanarayana Murthy, FIE, Superintending Engineer/Retd/Irrigation Circle, Vijayawada. Er. CV Sriram, MIE, Committee Member introduced the speaker, Dr. GV KSV Prasad, FIE, Principal, Usha Rama College of Engineering, Telaprolu to the audience. Dr. KV Subbaiah, FIE, Council Member also sat on the dais.
The speaker while addressing the gathering said that Mahatma Gandhi said “there is enough on Earth for everybody's need, but not enough for everybody's greed”. With time and development of technology, the requirements of human beings are continuously increasing. With industrialization and improved transportation, the energy requirement increased from 50 to 70 gigajoules per capita between 1965 and 2010. With change in habits, house hold energy consumption also increased. This has led to burning of fossil fuels, which is the main cause of air pollution. Burning of fuel in power plants, vehicles, burning of waste in dumping yards, agricultural fields are main contributors of air pollution. This leads problems like global warming, acid rains, respiratory and health problems in human beings etc.
Title of the photo : Er. CV Sriram, MIE, welcomed the gathering and
Title of the photo : Dignitaries on the dais L-R : Er. D Rama Krishna,
Water shortage and flooding: Consumption of water for various activities has increased from 2000 billion cum per year to nearly 5000 billion cum per year between 1965 and 2015. Increased density of urban population has increased the demand for water that led to indiscriminate use of ground water. The same is not being recharged at the same rate. As a result the groundwater table has gone down year after year. Storing the rain water within a premises or agricultural field and reusing it whenever necessary reduces the demand on water reserves. By using raPin water the cost of pumping ground water from deeper depths and cost of treatment can be very much reduced. This also reduces the sudden flooding and pollution. The cost of constructing storm water drains and providing treated water facilities can be reduced. Use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers has been increasing to have higher agricultural production, many times much more than requirement. These are polluting the water bodies and also the food.
Use of plastic bags, bottles and containers has increased exponentially beyond control. These are spreading throughout the globe, on land, water and even in air through burning. Inspite of restrictions imposed by government, there is increase in use of plastic. Use of plastic may encouraged as substitute for wood or other natural materials and where it can be used for longer duration. For short term use or single use, plastic should not be used. As plastic is very slow degradable, citizens should take initiative to not use plastic for single use (like bottles to carry water, cool drinks, other liquids, carry bags etc.).
He further said that while disposing the solid waste it should be segregated as degradable, non degradable, glass etc. so that all the degradable material may be converted into compost or organic manure. Encouraging production of compost technique will reduce the problem of solid waste disposal and also reduce the use of chemical fertilizers. Recyclable material can be sent for recovery.
Reducing the number of trips required by using latest technologies like using video conferencing etc., use of energy efficient appliances should be encouraged. Use of green energy generated through solar, wind or hydel energy will reduce air pollution to some extent. Proper maintenance of road shoulders will reduce the presence of particulate matter in air. In many houses, very less open space is left and even that is completely paved. Even the gap between road and compound wall is being paved by individual or the local bodies, leaving very less chance for the recharge of ground water. Simple things to follow: Use of public transport
Encourage green energy production
Reuse of used water for gardening and other purposes
Having rain water storage and groundwater recharge pits in the house or field
Not using plastic
Segregating solid waste and handling them separately
Planting of trees
Lively discussions took place that were answered by the speaker. Certificates of Excellence were given away to Prof. (Dr.) GV KSV Prasad, FIE and Er. M Lingeswara Rao, FIE by Prof. (Dr.) KV Subbaiah, FIE, Council Member, IEI and Shri K Rajasekhara Rao, Director, Usha Rama College of Engineering & Technology respectively.
Finally, formal Vote of thanks was proposed by Er. M Seshagiri Rao, MIE, Hon. Secretary, IEI, AP State Center.
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